Henry Kissinger was born in Germany in 1923.
He fled Nazi rule with his family and became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1943.
During World War II, he served in the U.S. Army as a translator and received the Bronze Star Medal.
In 1969, Kissinger joined Richard Nixon's administration as national security adviser.
Over the course of his career, he served as secretary of state to Nixon and Ford, among others.
Kissinger played a key role in major global events in the 1970s, such as the Vietnam War.
Musician Tom Lehrer humorously noted: "Political satire became obsolete when Henry Kissinger won the Nobel Peace Prize.".